In this article, we have a list of facts about the planet Mars.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System, being larger than only Mercury. In the English language, Mars is named for the Roman god of war.
Mars is a terrestrial planet with a thin atmosphere and has a crust primarily composed of elements similar to Earth’s crust, as well as a core made of iron and nickel.
Mars has surface features such as impact craters, valleys, dunes, and polar ice caps. It has two small and irregularly shaped moons: Phobos and Deimos.
Mars is the second smallest planet in our solar system.
Mars is the fourth planet from the sun.
Because of its color, it is sometimes called the Red Planet.
Mars was named after the Roman god of war.
For the Greeks, Mars was known as Ares.
Galileo Galilei was the first person to view Mars with a telescope.
Mars is the only planet in our solar system that has surface details visible from Earth.
Mars has ice caps at both poles made up of solid carbon dioxide.
Mars appears to be red because of the amount of iron in the soil.
It takes Mars 687 Earth days to orbit the sun.
Mars weighs 641,693,000,000,000 billion kg.
This is equal to 0.107 times Earth’s mass.
Mars’s circumference is 21,297 km.
Mars’s diameter is 6779 km.
One day on Mars is about one-half hour longer than one day on Earth.
Most of Mars’s atmosphere consists of carbon dioxide.
The surface gravity of Mars is about 37% of the gravity found on Earth.
It takes light from the Sun and reaches Mars in about 13 minutes.
Mars is 227.9 million kilometers away from the Sun.
The tallest volcano on a planet in our solar system is 15 miles high and is located on Mars.
Its name is Olympus Mons.
Mars has seasons similar to those on Earth.
The seasons last twice as long.
The longest season on Mars is spring which lasts for 194 days.
Autumn is the shortest lasting only 142 days.
Mars has two moons which are called Phobos and Deimos.
Phobos is predicted to suffer a collision with Mars in the distant future. This may actually lead to rings around the planet.
The average temperature on Mars is -80 degrees Fahrenheit.
Mars has the largest dust storms in the solar system.
There are signs of liquid water on Mars. The likelihood is that this is salty.
Mars also has the biggest canyon in the Solar System named Valles Marines.
The first spacecraft to visit Mars was Mariner 4 in 1965.
The orbit of Mars is the least circular orbital path of the planets.
Mars does not have a magnetic field.